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Types of Pain
The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) defines pain as, “…an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience as a result of actual or potential tissue damage.”
Pain is both a physical and emotional experience.
Pain is 100% a response from the brain. Your brain concludes that the body tissue is in danger, or threatened, and action is required. Pain putsyour system on red alert.
Types of Pain:
- Acute and Subacute Pain:
- This type of pain has a known cause. It is useful and protective.
- It goes away in a reasonable length of time, definitely within a few months.
- It is directly related to an injury in the tissues.
- It is a warning system in our body which tells us to take care of the problem with medication, rest, or other appropriate measures.
- Good examples of an acute problem are an ankle sprain, a lifting injury at work, or cuts, scrapes and bruises.
- Acute, Recurrent Pain:
- Has the same characteristics as acute pain but has recurrent flare-ups.
- This is caused by recurrent issues in the tissue because of a specific condition.
- An example of acute, recurrent pain condition is rheumatoid arthritis.
- Chronic or Persistent Pain:
- This pain lasts for longer than three months, and the body is unable to return to its normal physiological function.
- It does not respond to treatment like acute pain.
- It no longer serves a useful purpose and it persists beyond the expected time for normal tissue healing.
- The intensity of the pain is related to the brain’s perception of the problem. There is often minimal problems in the tissue.
- The tissues are often unhealthy but are no longer damaged.
- Tissues may have healed in a tight and weak state, which causes abnormal sensations to be registered in the brain.
- The brain interprets these sensations as problematic, and produces a pain reaction to protect the tissues.